Stage 1: Trade Brings the West to Asia, and Asia to Western Audiences
1. Clunas, Craig (1998). “China in Britain: The imperial collections.” In Tim Barringer and Tom Flynn (eds.), Colonialism and the Object: Empire, Material Culture and the Museum, pp. 41-51. London and NY: Routledge.
Stage 2: Early Private Museums Bring Asia to the West
1. Barnum's Chinese Museum (1850). Ten Thousand Things on China and the Chinese: Being a Picture of the Genius, Government, History, Literature, Agriculture, Arts, Trade, Manners, Customs, and Social Life fo the People of the Celestial Empire, as Illustrated by the Chinese Collection. New York: J. S. Redfield.
5. Langdon, William B. (1842). Ten Thousand Things Relating to China and the Chinese; an Epitome of the Genius, Government, History, Literature, Agriculture, Arts, Trade, Manners, Customs, and Social Life of the People of the Celestial Empire. London.
6. Pagani, Catherine (1998). “Chinese material culture and British perceptions of China in the mid-nineteenth century.” In Tim Barringer and Tom Flynn (eds.), Colonialism and the Object: Empire, Material Culture and the Museum, pp. 28-40. London and NY: Routledge.
Stage 3: Asia on Display at the World's Fairs
3. McCabe, James D. (1876). The Illustrated History of the Centennial Exhibition, held in Commemoration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of American Independence. Philadelphia: The National Publishing Company.
4. Parezo, Nancy J. and Don D. Fowler (2007). Anthropology Goes to the Fair: The 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition. Critical Studies in the History of Anthropology. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press.
5. Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851 (1851). Official Descriptive and Illustrated Catalogue of the Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of all Nations, 1851, in Three Volumes. Volume III: Foreign States. London: Spicer Brothers.
7. Vanke, Francesca (2008). “Degrees of otherness: The Ottoman Empire and China at the Great Exhibition of 1851.” In Jeffrey A. Auerbach and Peter H. Hoffenberg (eds.), Britain, the Empire, and the World at the Great Exhibition of 1851, pp. 191-205. Aldershot, England and Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing Ltd.